Voigt-Kampff: Germanicity and Empathy in Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?

Voigt-Kampff, the sinister test designed to detect the schizophenic ‘flattening of affect’ (33) of android psychopathy in Philip K. Dick’s novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?[i] (1968), is an extension of Alan Turing’s 1950 test of human-machine equivalence. Its purpose is to draw and cull the uncanny androids by exposing their lack of empathy for living creatures, particularly the rare, exotic and endangered animals of Dick’s post-nuclear San Francisco. Dick’s choice of the name Voigt-Kampff is a[…]

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